JIGAWA THE NEW WORLD
Not very much is heard about Jigawa State in the news realm, a very big and spacious state
with many Local Governments and thousands of villages. Well known for farming and astute
public servants like Alhaji Inuwa Dutse and Alhaji Salele Abdul.
Excised from Kano State, the State was created on Tuesday August 27, 1991, when the Federal Military Government under the General Ibrahim Babangida announced the creation of nine additional states in the country to bring the total number of states then to thirty.
The creation of the nine states was given a legal backing through the; State Creation and Transitional Provisions Decree No. 37 of 1991.
Jigawa State covers a total land area of about 22,410sq Km. It is bordered on the West by
Kano State, on the East by Bauchi and Yobe States and on the North by Katsina and Yobe
States and the Republic of Niger. The state has its administrative headquarter in the serene city of Dutse. The state has a total of twenty-seven local government areas which include Auyo, Babura, Birnin-Kudu, Birniwa,Buji, Dutse, Gagarawa, Garki, Gumel, Guri, Gwaram, Gwiwa, Hadejia, Jahun, Kafin-Hausa,Kaugama, Kazaure, Kirikasamma, Kiyawa, Maigatari, Malam-Madori, Miga, Ringim, Roni,
Sule-Tankarkar, Taura, and Yankwashi.
The Inception of Jigawa State. After numerous calls to create more states out of the then thirty due to fast growing population and disparity in allocation, various discussions were held and committees were created by the Supreme Military Council to look into and make recommendations based on
the proposals submitted by the creation advocates. Eventually, the SMC answered their
prayers and created nine states, Adamawa and Taraba from Gongola, Enugu from Anambra,
Edo and Delta from Bendel, Yobe from Borno, and Jigawa from Kano.
The creation of Jigawa State a mainly agricultural state from the old Kano State on 27 August
1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida was necessitated by the fact
that the former Kano State being one of the largest states in terms of land area, was simply
too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Many people especially in the
farthest north, like Gwiwa, Kirikasamma, Maigatari and Sule Tankarkar were mostly at risk
of being cut off from the Government’s touch of reality and thus, calls were made that it had
become imperative for a new state to be created to cater for such areas and beyond.
With a population of 4,348,649 million according to the 2006 National Census, Jigawa State
is mainly populated by the Hausa, Fulani and the Mangawa, Badawa and Ngizimawa which
are dialects of the Kanuri language. They constitute significant percentages in Birniwa, Guri
and Kirikasamma local government areas. There are other settled tribes both from within and
outside Nigeria inhibiting in almost all the local Government areas of the state with the
highest concentration in the state capital. The pattern of human settlement in the state is
nucleated, with defined population centers like Hadejia, Dutse, Ringim, Gumel and Kazaure
who have the highest concentration of people.
Covering a total of 322,410sqkm land area, Jigawa State is bordered to the south and east by
Bauchi State to the east and north by Yobe State, to the west by Kano and Katsina States. It
also shares an international boundary to the north with Niger Republic.
One of the most interesting features of Jigawa state is its climate, semi-arid, and characterised
by a long dry season and a short wet season. The climatic variables are erratic and vary
considerably over the year. The annual mean temperature is about 25°C but the temporal
values range between 21°C in the coolest month and 31°C in the hottest month. However, the
mean daily temperature could be as low as 20°C in the months of December and January
when the cold dry harmattan wind blows from the Sahara Desert and into the very Northern
The wet season is roughly four months (June to September) and dry season is seven to eight
months (October to May). The rainy season sometimes starts in May but early rains in April
are not unusual while the bulk of the rainfall comes in June through September. Violent dust
storms, followed by tornado and lightening, usually herald the onset of the rains in May and
June and their retreat in September or early October. The total annual rainfall ranges from
600mm in the north to 1000mm in the southern parts of the state, this makes Jigawa state a
heavily agriculture friendly state, with very large swathes of land dedicated to various
agricultural practices of various scales, the state is home to an estimated 2 million farmers.
The state is situated within the Sudan savannah vegetation zone, but there are traces of
Guinea savannah in the southern part of the state. The name Jigawa is a Hausa word used to
describe a vast loamy but non-marshy soil.
Jigawa State has 27 Local Government areas, but due to many unfavourable economic factors,
young men especially from the far-northern Local Governments migrate in droves to the
metropolitan cities of neighbouring states and even the southern part of the country to engage
in various menial jobs especially in the wet season, this contributes to the scanty population
of people in some Local Governments in the state. Notwithstanding, many towns have dense
population and bustle with various human activities, these include Dutse, Hadejia, Gumel,
Ringim,Kazaure, and Birnin Kudu.
Jigawa is a state that should be in every tourist’s bucket list, the state is well blessed and
characterized by tall and wide hills that very much beautify the landscape. It has some
attractions that offer exciting experience, the Baturiya Bird Sanctuary which is located in
KiriKasmma LGA covers an area of 320 square kilometres with a buffer zone of a half
kilometre surrounding it. Baturiya Bird Sanctuary provides a natural habitat for over 378
species of migratory birds from places as far as Europe and Australia. This site was once
visited by Prince Philip and Prince Charles who are members of the Wildlife Conservation
Next is the Wawan Rafi Lake which is situated in Kazaure and has a scenic environment. The
lake is a holiday resort that offers water sport activities such as fishing and boating. Golf
Course among other recreational activities that take place there can be found. A Range of
Quasite Rockslocated at Amaryawa in Roni Local Government area not far from Kazaure
could provide mountaineering activities for tourists.
The most important tourist attraction in Jigawa State is the Birnin Kudu Rock Painting.
Birnin Kudu lies in the south of Jigawa State and is noted for the presence of large number of
rocks and their fascinating ancient paintings which are of the oldest rock paintings in Nigeria.
The different paintings are eloquent information on the styles of the early settlers in the area
and no one has been able to decode the language on the rocks yet.
The Hadejia wetland which extends to Nguru in neighbouring Yobe State is a popular tourist attraction in the state. The wetlands provide shelter for various rare and migratory birds. This sanctuary harbours exotic and rare species of birds and always serves as a beautiful place for bird watchers.
The Emir’s palaces in Kazaure, Ringim, Gumel, Dutse and Hadejia have attractive designs which are a
combination of indigenous and modern architecture, these always leave tourists in awe of the
ingenuity of the people of those Emirates who design them.
With a centrally controlled Government from the state capital Dutse, the state has twenty-
seven (27) local government council’s three senatorial Districts, eleven Federal constituencies
and thirty (30) state assembly constituencies as enshrined in the 1999 constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The State is presently led by the Governor, Alhaji Muhammad Badaru Abubakar as the chief
Executive elected under the All Progressive Congress (APC), before him there had been 7
Governors that served both in Military and Civilian dispensations namely Olayinka Sule,
Ali Sa’ad Birnin Kudu, Colonel Ibrahim Aliyu, Rasheed Shekoni, Abubakar Maimalari, Ibrahim
Saminu Turaki, and Sule Lamido.
All the Governors had respectively played their parts in the
moulding of Jigawa State to the position it is as one of Nigeria’s fastest developing and most
The state is divided into five emirates each administered by a traditional ruler called Emir
(Sarki) with District Heads, Village Heads and Ward Heads assisting them. The Emirates are
Dutse, Ringim, Gumel, Hadejia and Kazaure. The Emirs and District Heads, unlike other
public functionaries, do not exercise political power like they did before the coming of the
British colonialists, but serve as custodians of culture and advisers to the Government on
traditional and religious affairs. All the five Emirs are first class title holders.
Jigawa state boasts an International Airport, a very serene NYSC Camp, a state of art
broadcasting service and a very long and smooth road network that connects the 27 Local
Government Areas. If properly used of its very bright potential, Jigawa State stands not only
doing justice to its ‘New World’ slogan but becoming a major agricultural hub in West Africa.
DPH NEWS REWIND